MOUNT ETNA ERUPTS AGAIN February 19, 2013 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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MOUNT ETNA ERUPTS AGAIN February 19, 2013

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MOUNT ETNA ERUPTS AGAIN February 19, 2013
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MOUNT ETNA ERUPTS AGAIN February 19, 2013

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  1. MOUNT ETNA ERUPTS AGAIN February 19, 2013 Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA?

  2. Mount Etna emits lava flow in the early hours of February 19, 2013

  3. MOUNT ETNA EMITS LAVA: FEB. 19, 2013

  4. MOUNT ETNA ? Mount Etna is the result of convergence between the African and Eurasian Plates.

  5. MOUNT ETNA ? Mount Etna, an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily and the tallest active volcano in Europe at 3,329 m (10,922 ft), is close to Messina and Catania.

  6. Mount Etna, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, has been in an almost constant state of activity for years.

  7. MOUNT ETNA: 2008

  8. ETNA: ONE OF WORLD’S DANGEROUS VOLCANOES A major eruption of Etna and other volcanoes close to major population centers would be devastating topeople, property, infrastructure, the environment, and the global economy.

  9. LOCATIONS OF DANGEROUS VOLCANOES

  10. VOLCANO HAZARDS ? BLDG. INVENTORY ? VULNERABILITY ? LOCATION ? PREPAREDNESS ? PROTECTION ? EARLY WARNING ? EMERGENCY RESPONSE ? RECOVERY and ? RECONSTRUCTION VOLCANO RISK POLICY OPTIONS ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK GOAL: VOLCANO DISASTER RESILIENCE COMMUNITIES DATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS

  11. CAUSES OF RISK LATERAL BLAST PYROCLASTIC FLOWS FLYING DEBRIS VOLCANIC ASH VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS LAVA FLOWS CASE HISTORIES LAHARS TOXIC GASES

  12. VOLCANO CHAITEN: CHILE; MAY 3, 2008

  13. MOUNT MERAPI: INDONESIA

  14. INDONESIA’S MOUNT MERAPI ERUPTS ON MAY 15, 2006 ? Mount Merapi emitted lava, debris, and a pyroclastic flow or cloud on May 15

  15. MOUNT SOMMA-VESUVIUS ? Location: Bay Naples, east of the city of Naples, Italy MDA Federal’s NaturalVue 2000. 6011 Executive Blvd, Suite 400, Rockville, Md, 20852 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Naplesbay01.jpg

  16. MOUNT VESUVIUS: ITALY

  17. MOUNT FUJI: JAPAN

  18. NEVADA DEL RUIZ: COLOMBIA

  19. MOUNT RAINIER: WASHINGTON (USA)

  20. MOUNT RAINIER: LAHAR SIMULATION

  21. MOUNT RAINIER: LAHAR SIMULATION

  22. MOUNT RAINIER: LAHAR SIMULATION

  23. POPOCATEPL: MEXICO

  24. NYIRANGONGO: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

  25. Mt. St. Helens – prior to the 1980 eruption

  26. Mt. St. Helens (after the 1980 eruption)

  27. Krakatau ? Location: between Java and Sumatra ? Date: 26-27 August, 1883 ? Time: 2610:02 am (GMT)-The big one! http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Krakatau.html

  28. SHOULD WE BE THINKING ABOUT ANOTHER KRAKATOA ERUPTION ? ! Anak Krakatoa—Son of Krakatoa Krakatoa: Pre-1883 Eruption

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